What is Physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy is the treatment of disease, injury and other conditions using physical methods. Many people believe that physios only treat back and sports-related injuries, however, physiotherapists are highly trained health professionals who treat many problems that arise from disease, injury, illness and ageing.

Physiotherapists use a variety of techniques to reduce pain, assist with healing, improve movement and increase the patient’s quality of life. Physios are qualified to assess a wide range of conditions and help patients to recover and manage physical limitations. The conditions they treat may have been caused by an accident or injury, or it may be an ongoing (chronic) condition.

Some techniques used by physios include:

  • Massage

  • Dry Needling

  • Joint manipulation

  • Joint mobilisation

  • Specific exercise rehabilitation

Physiotherapists aim to restore full function, reduce pain and in the case of permanent injury or disease, reduce the burden and effects of the disability. Physiotherapists must be degree qualified as a minimum and be continuing in their education. They must also be registered with the Australia Health Practitioner Registration Agency (AHPRA).

What Can Physiotherapy Help With?

Physiotherapists can help with many different conditions, such as:

  • Back pain

  • Joint pain

  • Sprains and strains

  • Arthritis

  • Sports injuries

  • Neurological conditions

  • Rehabilitation after surgery

  • Posture problems

  • Workplace injuries

  • Cardiorespiratory disorders

  • Injury Prevention

Physiotherapists work in a range of different areas such as sports physio, women’s health and paediatrics. There are also three main areas of practice:

  1. Musculoskeletal – This is used to treat conditions such as back pain, arthritis, sprains, strains, bursitis, posture problems, neck pain and sports or workplace injuries.

  2. Cardiothoracic – This area focuses on treating conditions such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema and other cardiorespiratory conditions.

  3. Neurological – This area treats conditions related to the nervous system. Some of the common disorders treated include Parkinson’s disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis, acquired brain injury, spinal cord injuries and rehabilitation after surgery.

What is the Purpose of Physiotherapy?

Physios help people get the most out of life. They help patients recover from injuries, reduce pain and improve their physical condition. Physios help to increase a person’s mobility and reduce the risk of further injury. A physiotherapist does all of this by listening to the needs of the patient, conducting a thorough assessment and tailoring a treatment plan specifically for them.

Does Physiotherapy Really Work?

Physiotherapy is an evidence-based health treatment. Physios only use techniques that have had their effectiveness demonstrated through research.

What are the Advantages of Physiotherapy?

There are many benefits of physiotherapy. Physio addresses a wide range of conditions and problems for all ages from infants to the elderly. Some of the benefits include:

  • Improving strength and endurance

  • Increasing range of motion

  • Correcting muscle imbalances

  • Improving posture problems

  • Relieving pain and stiffness

  • Treating injury

  • Helping those with chronic conditions cope with everyday activities

Physiotherapy is an evidence-based form of physical treatment which involves improving the patient’s strength, endurance, range of motion and quality of life. Physiotherapy uses a variety of techniques such as exercises, joint mobilisation, massage, stretching and much more to treat conditions and reduce pain. Physiotherapy is an effective treatment for many acute and chronic conditions and can help to improve the overall wellness and quality of life for many people.