candidiasis is an infection caused by the type of microorganisms candida fungi, especially Candida albicans. Mucous membrane infections such as those occurring in the mouth or vagina, often occur in someone who has a normal immune system, but this infection is more commonly found or is a persistent infection in people with diabetes or AIDS and in pregnant women. People with impaired immune system disorders often suffer from candidiasis that spreads throughout his body which knew by candida spit test. Approximately 85-90% of yeast cells isolated from the vagina are Candida albicans species. The rest are non-albicans species, and most are Candida glabrata (Torulopsisglabrata). Vaginitis caused by non-albicans species is usually resistant to conventional therapy.
Causes of candidiasis is vary, can be caused by the infection (by germs, fungi, parasites, viruses), the presence of foreign objects in copulation, hormonal disorders caused by menopause, abnormalities in the can or innate of the female genitals, the presence of cancer or malignancy in the genitals, especially in the cervix. Candida is usually not transmitted through sexual contact. Candida albicans fungus can infect mucous membranes such as those occurring in the mouth or vagina, often in someone with a normal immune system, but this infection is more commonly found or is a persistent infection in people with diabetes or AIDS and in pregnant women.
Symptoms of candidiasis may vary depending on the affected area / exposure. Infections of the vagina or vulva can cause severe itching, burning, pain, and irritation, and cause whitish or whitish spots on the skin / vaginal walls, often with a curd / cheese look. Symptoms also present as caused by bacterial vaginosis. In a study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2002), only 33 percent of women actually treat yeast infections, while the rest only focus on treating bacterial vaginosis (Trichomonas vaginalis) or mixed infection.