Complete Guide to Vitamin Supplements – Everything You Need to Know

Food supplements are produced based on nutrients, which can be of plant or animal origin, designed to support the body’s health. They can be in the form of capsules, powder, or liquids, depending on how the extracts used can be better preserved.

Although many people tend to categorize them incorrectly and have preconceptions about them, nutritional supplements complement the regular diet, regardless of its quality. Specialists on recommend caution when it comes to taking vitamins because excess vitamins can have unwanted consequences.

One of the essential tips to keep in mind when you are just starting in the world of supplements is to look for easy health meals services reviews. This can help you make the right decision regarding supplements and vitamins for a healthy lifestyle.

How much does the body manage to get healthy nutrients only from food?

According to many studies conducted in recent decades, it has been concluded that it is impossible to get the necessary nutrients from food alone, which is why most people face a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Research has shown that at a rate of about 2,500 calories a day, only 80% of the nutrient requirement is provided, and women generally consume less than 2,000 kcal daily, which is why they are more often faced with vitamin and mineral deficiencies. than men. Studies have shown that the situation becomes more alarming for people who are on diets.

How do you add extra vitamins and minerals to your body?

To ensure the necessary vitamins and minerals only from food, a person should consume at least 1.25 kg of fruits and vegetables daily, which is practically impossible. Also, to prevent certain deficiencies you should eat less pleasant foods such as offal, mollusks, cartilage, and even bones. Therefore, it becomes ideal to maintain the nutritional balance only from food and it becomes mandatory to take food supplements. For a healthy lifestyle, doctors always recommend a balanced diet combined with dietary supplements.

Consumption of food supplements is indicated only when, for certain reasons, the daily dietary needs are not covered, most often in the following situations:

  • pregnancy, lactation
  • restrictive diets: low-calorie, low-protein, vegetarian, intolerant diets
  • elderly
  • certain chronic diseases: heart disease, kidney disease, neoplasms

The category of food supplements includes the following substances:

  • vitamins and minerals
  • substances with nutritional or physiological effects other than vitamins and minerals: amino acids, enzymes, pre-and probiotics, essential fatty acids, plant and animal extracts, various bioactive substances. Substances that have exclusively pharmaceutical properties are excluded.

Vitamins and minerals

Vitamins and minerals are substances that are necessary for the proper functioning of the body. They do not have an energetic role but they intervene as a catalyst in certain biochemical reactions, in the balance of water, and maintaining the cellular electrical potential. They cannot be synthesized by the body and therefore must be brought from outside (through food or nutritional supplements).

It is most often sold in the form of complex preparations containing both substances (vitamins and minerals) in different proportions. Of those that are sold separately, being indicated in various diseases or specific deficiencies, the most used and known are the following:

  1. Vitamin D is involved in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus necessary for bone formation.
  2. Vitamin C is known to be a powerful antioxidant. It is consumed especially in the cold seasons as a way to prevent and improve symptoms in case of respiratory infections.
  3. Folic acid (vitamin B9) is involved in the division, growth, and maturation of the body’s cells. It is especially indicated during preconception, pregnancy, and lactation because in these situations the need for folic acid increases and can not be covered only by food.
  4. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body because it enters the bone structure.
  5. Iron enters the composition of hemoglobin in the structure of red blood cells and myoglobin in muscles.
  6. Magnesium is a food supplement whose consumption has increased substantially recently.