A new report finds that more than 100,000 California residents have purchased a gun or firearm in response to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, a response attributed to a jump in concern of violence during the global health crisis.
Conducted by researchers at the University of California, Davis Firearm Violence Research Center and Violence Prevention Research Program, an online survey was administered to 2,870 adults across California from July 14 to 27 — a relatively short time span, but with a representative sample of Californian adults.
In response to questions about perceived increases in violence, 2.4 percent of respondents said that they purchased a firearm due to the pandemic. Within this group, 43 percent reported that they did not own a firearm prior to the onset of the coronavirus.
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When extrapolating this amount of people from the approximate 30.1 million residents in California, researchers estimate that roughly 110,000 Californians acquired firearms during the pandemic, amounting to 47,000 new gun owners.
The questions were aimed at gauging respondents’ feelings surrounding personal and general safety concerns regarding different incidences of violence before and during the pandemic, such as mass shootings, assault, robbery, homicide, violence and accidental shootings in response to a pandemic-related loss.
Questions were also asked about firearm acquisition practices during the pandemic.
Results found that the percentage of respondents who reported that they were either “somewhat” or “very worried” about instances of violence spiked sharply over the course of the pandemic, with most respondents reporting an increased fear of all types of violence, including robberies, police violence and unintentional shootings.
The only notable decrease were concerns over mass shootings, potentially due to restrictions on large gatherings to reduce virus transmission.
When asking respondents what their primary motivator was for purchasing firearms, 75.9 percent said it was due to a concern over lawlessness, followed by concerns about prisoner releases and governmental overreach.
“Violence is a significant public health problem which touches the lives of far more people than is typically recognized,” the report reads. “Our findings from this first-of-its-kind population-representative survey of California adults add support to a growing body of research suggesting that the coronavirus pandemic and efforts to lessen its spread have compounded the burden of violence-related harms.”
The authors conclude that the report’s respondents expressed increased levels of concern about violence during the pandemic when compared to pre-pandemic levels and that firearm acquisition during this period was mainly out of a concern for self-protection.
There is a larger concern over the longer term public health implications for the rise in gun acquisitions. Most frequently, women and children bear the brunt of the elevated risk that comes with a gun present in a household, but suicide is another danger that comes with firearm ownership.
In the first five months of the COVID-19, thousands of Californians bought new guns and changed the way they stored their firearms in a bid to counter the unrest, government crackdowns and societal disintegration they feared would be unleashed by the public health emergency, a new survey has found.
The UC Davis researchers who conducted the survey detected shifts in gun ownerships trends that they said are likely to drive an uptick in firearm-related injuries and deaths, including suicides and the consequences of accidental discharges.
By mid-July, the pandemic was cited as a factor in the purchase of an estimated 110,000 new firearms in the state, they reported.
The majority of those sales — 57% — were to people who already owned at least one gun. But the remaining 43% went to people who did not previously own a firearm.
That figure suggests the pandemic has helped spur the creation of as many as 47,300 new gun-owning households in the state, the UC Davis team reported this month to MedRxiv, a website where researchers share their preliminary work. Many of those are homes that include children, teens and others at risk of self-injury, they added.
The California Safety and Wellbeing Survey was given to 2,870 Californians selected to serve as a representative sample of the state’s adult population. Its questions were designed to capture what they were thinking and doing in response to the pandemic and a political climate roiled by a string of police killings of Black men and women.
Their responses mirror a nationwide spike in gun sales. An earlier study by some of the same researchers found that firearm sales in the U.S. surged by 64% between March and May. The result: an additional 2.1 million firearms entered the homes of private citizens in the United States.
Those estimates are backed up by figures from the National Shooting Sports Foundation. Based on the FBI background checks required for the sale of most firearms, the trade association for the firearm industry said that nearly 5 million Americans purchased a firearm for the first time in the first seven months of 2020, accounting for 40% of all firearms sales in that period.
The UC Davis researchers, from the school’s Violence Prevention Project, found that the fears driving the surge in gun sales bespeak a nation suffering a potentially serious crisis of confidence.
When asked what concerns had factored into their purchases, 76% of recent gun buyers who cited the pandemic said they worried about lawlessness. More than half — 56% — said they were concerned about the release of prisoners as a result of coronavirus outbreaks behind bars. In addition, 49% said they were worried about the government “going too far” and 38% feared a “government collapse.”